Firstly I began with a brainstorm (an example of divergent thinking) exploring things that interested me. Because I didn’t really have a topic I became stuck. The only idea that came from Assessment 1 was the idea of the camera and selfies.
I thought I should start brainstorming based on Assessment 1 and this is what came from it (lots of ideas!). One thing led to another so not everything is explicitly linked to A#1.
TRAVEL - I began exploring this idea, however since I didn’t continue with it and it is now irrelevant, it is in another post.
Basic research of the topic, with questions I want to answer.
Highlighting words that stood out to me that I am interested in and may want to explore further. Eg.
Linear VS Non-linear: I am also interested with the tension between linear and non-linear which is what I looked at in Assessment 1 where I used a book (linear object) in a non-linear way.
Time: A linear concept. Possibly another concept to explore. I could research memory/thoughts/dreams vs time
Research Foundations Lecture Ideas: brainstorm with inspiration
The subconscious & doodling (divergent)
Doc 1: A mix of divergent and convergent thinking.
Experiment 1: Exploring memory and time. Taking photos hourly (over a period of days) and combining them after each day
Planningfirst experiment (divergent and convergent thinking)
WEDNESDAY, 4TH OF SEPTEMBER
Photos taken each hour.
On photoshop, I overlayed each image in hourly order with the most recent on top. I changed the opacity (100% divided by the amount of photos/hours ie. 100/13=about 8%)
I changed the colours and curves. However I didn’t use this in the end.
After this date, I became lazy so had to start the process again, setting an alarm each hr.
TUESDAY, 10TH OF SEPTEMBER
WEDNESDAY, 11TH OF SEPTEMBER
THURSDAY, 12TH OF SEPTEMBER
FRIDAY, 13TH OF SEPTEMBER
SERIES - Short Term Memory Series from Experiment #1
To make this series, I used uncreative methods by copying the strategies of those with memory loss that I saw on a program on TV many years ago. In the program, a woman wore a camera around her neck which took pictures every 15 minutes and she would review them at the end of day to spark her memory.
Contemporary artist Techching Hsieh, made one year long performances. One included taking a portrait of himself each day for a year. This is similar to my work.
All works were created by taking a picture every hour of whatever I was doing and combining them at the end of the day making all photos visible by changing the opacity.
I really like the way these simple yet complex works have turned out. When the audience looks at the work the can’t recognise much but as they keep staring, objects and figures emerge. This is like when you look back to a couple days earlier and try to remember what you did. Not much comes to mind until you spend more time thinking, and thinking and then you remember what you actually did… but not exactly clear, just like the artworks.
I like these artworks as a series and think they look good on a dark grey background. If I had money to spend on this project, I would have liked to print these works out on large scale cloth or canvas and display them, or as a photograph with resin on top (clear surface). I would like these hung in a gallery because I think they are actually quite nice works.
I began a brainstorm (divergent thinking) to research ME which led to looking at personality traits and surveys. However it is not relevant to the final work so is not included.
NOTES ON MEMORY
I want to create works exploring short- and long-term memory. I can begin to explore long-term memory by looking at pictures and trying create a work based on the memories in our head. When we remember things/events they seem to be a ‘burst of memories’. I want to try to display that in an artwork… I’m not really sure how to describe it. I want to take it from our heads and physically/visually show the storage of memories.
Questions I want to explore/answer:
Do we see ourselves in our memories or see it from our eyes?
In what ways do we assist ourselves to hold our memories?
Where are our memories stored in our brain?
What triggers memories?
Why are some memories more important/memorable than others?
How would you visually show the memories stored in your head?
How are memories modified? —> Looking back forming new memories of the memories, change our memory with new understandings
Research memories of children… unaltered memories.
Going back on emotional experiences, how can memories affect you now?
Does a photograph capture a memory? Is it true? Only part of one? Reminder of memory.
What if you could access your memories again, sit on the outside and watch yourself in the past? (Banksy - The Gleamers)
What is the use of home videos? They capture memories but who actually watches them?
False/imagined memories. could be a film, could be art. What are you feeling? Why am I here? What is art? What is life? Watching yourself back.
Experiment: Film people without them knowing and make them watch back themselves and ask them if they remember what they were thinking about, where they were going. Do this after minutes/hour/day/week delay à Exploring the storage of memory.
Compare your memory with reality.
Explore memory and repetition
Explore photographic memory
Explore time capsules
How have filmmakers shown memories/dreams/flashbacks
Memories are non-linear and in the past. Do and experiment to explore this. à Cutting up and putting together, remembering other memories.
Artwork Idea: Installation
Look through two holes (eyes) into a room to see a memory
Changing screen (different memories)
Survey on Memories - I never got to complete this survey
What is your first memory?
Do you remember first day of school/graduation etc. ?
What are the most important memories of your lifetime?
What has stood out to you in the last week?
What did you do yesterday each? Write down what you did every hour.
What did you do on this date? Write down each hour.
Answer the same question but use a diary or photographs to assist you.
What do you use to help you store memories?
Do you keep photos? Digitally or online?
Do you keep tickets/receipts… or a memory box?
Are memories important to you?
For what purpose do you take photos?
Do you have short or long-term memory?
What did you eat yesterday/3 days ago?
Define memory: (n)
A person’s power/ the power of the mind to remember things
The ability of the mind to store and recall past sensations, thoughts, knowledge etc
The part of the brain that appears to have this function
A particular recollection of an event, person, etc
The time over which recollection extends
Commemoration or remembrance extends
Memory is the process in which information is encoded, stored, and retrieved
Receiving, processing and combining of received information
Allows information from outside world to reach our senses
Creation of a permanent record of the information
Calling back stored info in response to some cue for use in a process or activity
Some retrieval attempts may be effortless due to the type of information
Loss of memory
Medical disorder – amnesia
Holds sensory information for a few seconds or less after an item is perceived
Ability to look at an item, and remember what it looked like with just a second of observation, or memorization
Participants often report that they seem to “see” more than they can actually report
First experiments: George Sperling (1963) using the “partial report paradigm”
Grid of 12 letters, arranged into three rows of four
After a brief presentation, subjects were then played either a high, medium or low tone, cuing them which of the rows to report
Capacity of sensory memory was approximately 12 items, but that it degraded very quickly
Fast decaying store of visual information, a type of sensory memory that briefly stores an image which has been perceived for a small duration
Fast decaying store of auditory information, another type of sensory memory that briefly stores sounds which has been perceived for a small duration
Type of sensory memory that represents a database for touch stimuli.
Allows recall for a period of several seconds to a minute without rehearsal
Capacity is also very limited
Storage in sensory memory and short-term memory generally have a strictly limited capacity and duration, which means that information is not retained indefinitely
long-term memory is believed to be actually made up of multiple subcomponents, such as episodic and procedural memory
it proposes that rehearsal is the only mechanism by which information eventually reaches long-term storage, but evidence shows us capable of remembering things without rehearsal
it shows that memory stores as being a single unit
short-term memory can be broken up into different units such as visual information and acoustic information
Patient KF was brain damaged and had problems with his short term memory. He had problems with things such as spoken numbers, letters and words and with significant sounds Other parts of short term memory were unaffected, such as visual (pictures)
shows the sensory store as a single unit. We know its split up into several parts ie. Taste, vision, hearing etc
Working memory model
1974 Baddeley and Hitch: model replaced the general concept of short term memory with an active maintenance of information in the short term storage.
working memory consists of three basic stores: the central executive, the phonological loop and the visuo-spatial sketchpad
The central executive essentially acts as attention. It channels information to the three component processes: the phonological loop, the visuo-spatial sketchpad, and the episodic buffer.
Types of memory
Recognition memory tasks
require individuals to indicate whether they have encountered a stimulus (such as a picture or a word) before
Recall memory tasks
require participants to retrieve previously learned information
Classification by information type
ability to orient oneself in space, to recognize and follow an itinerary, or to recognize familiar places
failure of topographic memory- Getting lost when traveling alone
Clear episodic memories of unique and highly emotional events
Eg. Remembering where you were or what you were doing when you first heard the news of President Kennedy’s assassination or about 9/11
Anderson (1976) divides long-term memory into seclarative (explicit) and procedural (implicit) memories
Declarative (explicit) memories
Conscious recall (call back the information)
explicitly stored and retrieved
semantic memory - facts taken independent of context
encoding of abstract knowledge about the world (eg. Canberra is capital of Australia)
episodic memory - specific to a particular context, such as a time and place
used for more personal memories
such as sensations, emotions, personal association of a particular place or time
Memory for particular events within ones own life
Similar to episodic memory
is part of memory preserving some characteristics of our senses pertaining to visual experience
One is able to place in memory information that resembles objects, places, animals or people in sort of a mental image.
the things that are remembered are automatically translated into actions, and thus sometimes difficult to describe
eg. the ability to ride a bike or tie shoelaces.
Classification by temporal direction
retrospective memory - content to be remembered is in the past
semantic, episodic and autobiographical memory
prospective memory – content is to be remembered in the future
memory for future intentions, or remembering to remember (Winograd, 1988)
time-based prospective memories
triggered by a time-cue
eg. such as going to the doctor (action) at 4pm (cue)
event-based prospective memories
intentions triggered by cues
eg. remembering to post a letter (action) after seeing a mailbox (cue).
Cues do not need to be related to the action (as the mailbox/letter example), and lists, sticky-notes, knotted handkerchiefs, or string around the finger all exemplify cues that people use as strategies to enhance prospective memory
Techniques used to study memory (children and adults’)
Paired associate learning
one learns to associate one specific word with another
eg. when given a word such as “safe” one must learn to say another specific word, such as “green”. This is stimulus and response
a subject would be asked to study a list of words and then sometime later they will be asked to recall or write down as many words that they can remember
subjects are asked to remember a list of words or pictures, after which point they are asked to identify the previously presented words or pictures from among a list of alternatives that were not presented in the original list
Individuals are shown a number of objects and color samples during a certain period of time. They are then tested on their visual ability to remember as much as they can by looking at testers and pointing out whether the testers are similar to the sample, or if any change is present.
memories degrade with the passing of time
This occurs in the storage stage of memory, after the information has been stored and before it is retrieved
This can happen in sensory, short-term, and long-term storage.
general pattern - information is rapidly forgotten during the first couple of days or years, followed by small losses in later days or years.
Memory failure due to the lack of attention
Attention plays a key role in storing information into long-term memory; without proper attention, the information might not be stored, making it impossible to be retrieved later.
memory enhancement effect- the more emotionally charged an event or experience is, the better it is remembered
Cognitive neuroscience of memory
How information and mental experiences are coded and represented in the brain
Effects of physical exercise on memory
Physical exercise, particularly continuous aerobic exercises, has many cognitive benefits and effects on the brain
Influences on the brain include increases in neurotransmitter levels, improved oxygen and nutrient delivery, and increased neurogenesis in the hippocampus.
The effects of exercise on memory have important implications for improving children’s academic performance, maintaining mental abilities in old age, and the prevention and potential cure of neurological diseases.
Factors that influence memory
Emotion can have a powerful impact on memory
most vivid autobiographical memories tend to be of emotional events, which are likely to be recalled more often and with more clarity and detail than neutral events.
Amygdala- part of the brain that is critical in creating the feeling of emotion
The most effective way to activate the amygdala is fear, because fear is an instinctive, protective mechanism which comes on strong making it memorable.
Recall is linked with emotion.
If pain, joy, excitement, or any other strong emotion is present during an event, the neurons active during this event produce strong connections with each other.
When this event is remembered or recalled in the future, the neurons will more easily and speedily make the same connections.
The strength and longevity of memories is directly related to the amount of emotion felt during the event of their creation
I wanted to explore short tem memory and my first experiment further so decided to create works using watercolour paints and pencils. This is an alien method for me as it is different to what I am use to and I have never done this before.
Experiment - Friday 13th of September (till 3)
I took half the day’s worth of photos (9am-3pm).
I painted them (well, tried to) with watercolour paint.
Then I photocopied them onto transparent paper.
I overlaid the transparent pieces of paper on top of each other with the most recent on the top (because you think backwards ie. Most recent memory to earlier memories)
I held the collection up to my frosted window (similar to a light box). This reminded me of looking at x-rays – So this is an x-ray of my memories.
I decided to create the work digitally… (I took layers after 3pm out, and changed opacity).
I put the picture into Photoshop and played around with curves. This is an uncreative version of the previous work as it is still the same work, only edited to look different. (I also edited out my fingers). I was quite happy with this work but it doesn’t make sense just doing one, so I decided to make a series.
This is a cropped version. I planned to paint this but never got around to it.
Thursday 12th of September (till 2)
The process was repeated. However I used watercolour pencils and water soluble crayons also.
This is the paper towel I used. I thought it was quite interesting because this also is a record of my memories… In terms of colour. I edited it to make it look preettttyyy.
Wednesday 11th of September (till 1)
This is a picture of all the works when the transparent pages were overlaid.
These are the final works of the 11th, 12th and 13th of September. I am happy with the result
As I said in Documentation 2 referring to the following picture, “I like these artworks as a series and think they look good on a dark grey background. If I had money to spend on this project, I would have liked to print these works out on large scale cloth or canvas and display them, or as a photograph with resin on top (clear surface). I would like these hung in a gallery because I think they are actually quite nice works. “
I have attempted to photoshop my works into a gallery space to show how I would like them presented.
I thought this was unsuccessful due to bad editing and also the wall colour is white.
I want more pictures on display. This is the scale I would like the works to be viewed.
In the pictures above, I have added more works in the picture, playing with spacing. I quite like the first picture as the second makes them look more like individual works (which they are) but they look better closer together.
Explores dreams, imaginary world using expressive power of colour
Depicts personal memories, imaginary world, individual vision of emotions
Personal interpretations of his life, feelings and imaginations
Personal record of his memories
Eg. I and the Village(1911) oil on canvas
Combines poetic sensibility, outbursts of feeling and melancholic memories in an imaginative fantasy world
Rich with symbolism eg. The cross, the ring, the charge and imagery from his past
This painting is a poetical statement of his homesickness for Russia and for hiss fiancée Bella, who waited for him there until his return in 1914. à Homesick from the memories of past
Influence of Cubism in the geometrical fracturing of space
Marc Chagall is relevant to my practice as explores the dreams, personal memories, imaginary world ie. the subconscious. I also want to employ Cubism into my work as I believe memories are are fractured and put together in so many different ways.
Another artist exploring the subconscious: Joan Miro
B. 1893-1983, Spanish
He does not depict the real world but works from his own inner world of dreams and imagination
Viewers are free to interpret his work in their own way
Eg. Hirondelle/Amour(1933-34) oil on canvas
Semi-abstract shapes, organic forms and flowing lines
Mixed media installations, site-specific works, wall pieces on Duraclear
Explores art and nature, relationships between nature, memory and culture; site-specific works related to architecture
A lot of her work is interactive and engages several of the audience’s senses – involvement between audience and work
Her works often respond to a particular site or environment, reflecting past usage or memory
“For me the veil is the space between perception and memory. Still space, slow space. A dissolving membrane, a hesitation. A way of looking within the world rather than at it” – Quoted at www.zulenet.com, 2003
Eg. Edge of the Trees(1994)
The materials and text evoke cultural memories and are of historical significance appropriate to the site
The pillars are engraved with archaeological and historical texts including the names of the First Fleeters
Engraved into one of the pillars are the names of all the clans of the Eora, who were Indigenous people of Sydney
These names can also be heard in whispers, just audible above the traffic noise as you move along the pillars
Eg. Liquid Green No. 5(2008)
Challenging us to consider our values and the potential impact of our actions and beliefs
Geometrical organization of the images
Overlapping panels sets up a slow forward motion as the eye moves from one level to the next, which has an almost meditative or reflective influence on the viewer. The way they are displayed as panels on brackets projecting slightly from the gallery wall, so adding shadows, suggesting a shift of time.
This work is relevant to my practice as I am interested in the overlapping panels (reminding me a little of Cubism) and I want to experiment with this technique.
I’m not sure what this work is called but I’ve stumbled upon it whilst uploading and this is what I wanted to achieve with one of my final works.
Last year I remember studying an artist who created room installations of different organs and the audience walked through them. I can’t remember or find the name of the artist (haha, typical memory) so instead Ive found an artist with similar practice/concept.
Inspired by iCinema and Organ Alpha installations. (see doc 8) (uncreativity).
Trying to go further than simply displaying my work in a gallery. (as shown in doc5)
Alien methods - I have never created an installation or made a model of an installation. Maybe that’s why it didn’t really work out?
I had an idea of an installation where there is a room with actors in it acting out your own memory. And you see this by looking through two holes on the wall into your brain (the room).
My idea developed…
I wanted to create a room installation, with the walls painted as a brain. My idea was for the audience to be walking through my brain. This was my attempt to visually/physically show the storage of memories that I wanted to try at the beginning of this assessment (see doc 3).
So, my memories (short term memory artworks, doc 2 and 4). Rather than being artworks displayed on a wall I wanted to create moving projections of the works. I’m not really sure if that makes sense. But I want the works to be made of light (like how we project what is on the computer onto a wall, but I want it to be able to function without the wall there… maybe projected from above?) and I wanted them to travel around the room, crossing other memories. I also wanted a smell and sound attached to the individual works… however that is way too complicated for me. So I wanted the audience to be able to walk through the room, and walk through the artworks. When they do walk through an artwork that is them “remembering that time”. When artworks cross, that means one memory leads to another.
OK so this is my attempt at making a model of it. (Sorry Im not being very clear)
The walls are meant to look like a brain.
This is how it turned out. The sun moved so I couldn’t get a good photo which is really annoying! (Would have been better with the previous lighting)
The clear sheets of paper are the artworks from doc 2 (short term memory, overlaid photos of every hr) and 4 (watercolour overlaid works).
I attached them to the top of the box.
Sorry, Im not sure if you can make sense of all of this.
More photos of my model.
Since I am unable to actually make the installation, I will not use this as my final work. WAY TOO MANY ALIEN METHODS GOING ON haha. This was going to be my final work however I am not really happy with the end result.
I wanted to ‘think through media’ and display memories in a different way than photos.